Treatment and Care of Dry Skin

Treatment and Care of Dry Skin

Dry skin is a common skin condition typified by the dearth of the apt water levels within the skin’s superficial layer or the epidermis (Lichterfeld-Kottner et al., 2018). Although dry skin often affects both females and males uniformly, older persons tend to be highly liable to suffer from the condition. In elderly persons, the skin always has reduced levels of the natural skin lubricants and oils. Areas that include the hands, arms and the lower legs are the most affected by the dry skin condition. Further, environmental factors that include temperature and humidity have an immense effect on the level of water that is retained in the skin.  

Symptoms of Dry Skin 

The main symptom of the dry skin condition is itching. Individuals suffering from dry skin may experience dry, rough, itchy and red patches on the skin surface. Characteristically, the condition affects areas of the skin that include hands, arms, lower legs, areas of increased friction like soles and ankles, and the abdomen. Fissures and cracks might be experienced in instances where the skin dryness tends to be increasingly severe (Lichterfeld-Kottner et al., 2018).  


Dry skin does not have any single cause, and the causes may also be categorized as internal or external. The external factors tend to be the widespread causes of dry skin condition and are also the simplest to tackle. The external factors include low humidity and temperature. On the other hand, the internal factors include aspects such as health, family history, genetics, other medical conditions and age (Anton et al., 2017). Particularly, individuals suffering from thyroid conditions are highly liable to develop dry skin condition. Other external factors known to cause dry skin conditions include using harsh soaps in washing, excessive use of lipid solvents and sanitizers, cool temperatures and low humidity.  


The diagnosis of dry skin condition is mainly carried out through observation and physical assessment of the skin (Lodén, 2015). Though dry skin might appear on any skin type and at different ages, older persons and persons who are regularly exposed to harsh detergents and soaps are increasingly liable to develop the condition. Additionally, familial history and the patient’s medical history may assist in the diagnosis of dry skin condition.  

Treatment and Care 

The recommended treatment for the dry skin condition entails an everyday lubrication of the skin using an emollient to prevent water evaporation (Berardesca et al., 2018). Given that most of the dry skin conditions are as a result of the various external causes, the use of external treatments such as topical lotions and creams is recommended as they are effective in controlling the skin problem. Normally, a dry skin may be enhanced through the application of a bland moisturizer. In the event that the other notable causes of dry skin conditions are ruled out by the dermatologist, the treatment objective will be to prevent dehydration and water loss, restore the skin moisture levels and stop itching (Anton et al., 2017). 


Though dry skin is not always a serious challenge, it is often unsightly and uncomfortable.  However, serious dry skin conditions like ichthyosis might not only be upsetting but also disfiguring (Habif et al., 2017). Fortunately, a number of dry skin conditions are mainly as a result of the environmental aspect that might be, to a given degree be controlled. Such factors include temperature and low humidity, as well as soaking in warm water. One may, therefore, do a number of things to enhance his/her skin and these include the use of moisturizers and the avoidance of harsh detergents and soaps. The severe dry skin challenges might also require assessment by a dermatologist for a more informed opinion.


Anton, J. M. G., Montiel, A. V. F., Serraïma, C. C., GONZÁLEZ, R. D., & Puche, J. C. (2017). U.S. Patent No. 9,725,483. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. 

Berardesca, E., Mortillo, S., Cameli, N., Ardigo, M., & Mariano, M. (2018). Efficacy of a shower cream and a lotion with skin‐identical lipids in healthy subjects with atopic dry skin. Journal of cosmetic dermatology. 

Habif, T. P., Chapman, M. S., Dinulos, J. G., & Zug, K. A. (2017). Skin Disease E-Book: Diagnosis and Treatment. Elsevier Health Sciences. 

Lichterfeld-Kottner, A., Lahmann, N., Blume-Peytavi, U., Mueller-Werdan, U., & Kottner, J. (2018). Dry skin in home care: A representative prevalence study. Journal of Tissue Viability. 

Lodén, M. (2015). Moisturizers: treatment of dry skin syndrome and barrier defects. Cosmeceuticals and Active Cosmetics, 61-70. 

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